Former national security adviser John Bolton has indicated he has information relevant to the House impeachment investigation but will not testify unless ordered to do so by the courts.
"It is clear to this Court for the reasons explained above that, with respect to senior-level presidential aides, absolute immunity from compelled congressional process simply does not exist", the judge added, without saying whether she will put her ruling on hold for the administration to appeal.
U.S. District Judge Ketanji Brown Jackson says in a brief order Wednesday that she needs time to consider the legal issues raised by Justice Department in seeking a longer halt.
Specifically, they're looking into Trump's efforts to strongarm Ukraine into launching politically motivated investigations that would personally benefit the president, while he held up vital military aid and a White House meeting that Ukraine's president desperately sought.Trump and his allies have maintained that there was no quid pro quo, but a cascade of witness testimony paints a damning picture of the president's months-long pressure campaign in which he leveraged USA foreign policy while soliciting foreign interference in the 2020 presidential election.
"This Court holds that individuals who have been subpoenaed for testimony by an authorized committee of Congress must appear for testimony in response to that subpoena-i.e., they can not ignore or defy congressional compulsory process, by order of the President or otherwise", Jackson wrote in her opinion. Lawmakers sought McGahn's testimony to help determine whether Trump had tried to obstruct the Mueller probe.
The Justice Department, representing McGahn in his former official capacity, said in its court filing that the committee agreed to a seven-day delay in enforcing the subpoena.
But testimony won't happen right away, as the Justice Department plans to appeal Jackson's decision, said department spokesperson Kerri Kupec.
In any case for now, broken-down White House counsel Don McGahn will not need to testify to the House of Representatives.
House Democratic leaders have focused their impeachment inquiry on Ukraine, but have discussed pursuing a broader count of obstruction of Congress among any articles of impeachment - formal charges - brought against Trump.
Cooper said Kupperman's lawsuit will move forward, noting that the McGahn subpoena did not concern national security or foreign affairs.
House judiciary committee Chairman Rep.
If the Justice Department's request for a longer pause is granted, the dispute over presidential powers likely would not be decided for months. Nobody wants to speak more than me, ' Trump said last May.