Belying the recent acrimony over the Kashmir issue, Prime Minister Modi and the Chinese President held a two-and-half-hour "open and cordial" one-on-one discussion over dinner. Modi and Xi urged the special representatives of the two countries to continue their efforts to reach a mutually agreed framework for a fair, reasonable and mutually acceptable solution of pending issues, including border issues.
The meeting at the magnificent Shore temple complex under a sea-facing colourful tent went beyond the scheduled time as both leaders touched upon a range of issues over sumptuous local delicacies.
India's Foreign Secretary Vijay Gokhale said the two leaders spent almost five hours discussing bilateral issues that have often been fraught.
But at talks on Friday, the leaders acknowledged the common fight against "terrorism", Indian Foreign Secretary Vijay Gokhale said. The informal talks were followed by a lunch for the Chinese President, which was hosted by PM Modi.
"While detailed discussions were not possible.the main point agreed by two sides - is that for a country like China and country like India, increased radicalisation is something which is of interests of neither sides". The Prime Minister said that, in the Wuhan Summit, both the countries decided not to allow any differences to become disputes and be prudently managed.
The two leaders held extensive talks on dialogue and mutual learning among civilizations, Xinhua reported.
Mr Modi launched a Clean India campaign after he became prime minister in 2014.
Xi and Modi also discussed "similar challenges that they both face on account of terrorism and radicalisation", the foreign secretary added.
Modi gave Xi a personal tour, a gesture that recalled their previous informal summit last April, when the Chinese president took his Indian counterpart on a tour of Hubei Museum in Wuhan.
The Prime Minister was given a warm send-off by Tamil Nadu governor Banwarilal Purohit, chief minister K. Palaniswami, deputy chief minister O. Panneerselvam and senior leaders of the state unit of the BJP at the airport.
The informal talks at the Taj Fisherman's Cove Resort & Spa beach resort lasted for almost an hour.
While the prime minister was lauded by netizens and dignitaries alike for leading be example, several Twitter users were quick to point out that using a single-use plastic bag to collect thrash defeated the whole objective of this campaign.
New Delhi had earlier taken exception to references concerning Kashmir following talks between Pakistani Prime Minister Imran Khan and Xi ahead of the latter's visit to India for the informal meet.
Xi headed to Nepal later today where he is expected to push for further Chinese involvement in developing its infrastructure as part of Beijing's signature Belt and Road Initiative to boost trade and transport links across Asia.
India and China have reiterated that both the countries play an important role in ensuring stability in the current global landscape.
The two countries should make a success of next year's celebration of the 70th anniversary of their diplomatic relations and the activities marking the China-India year of cultural and people-to-people exchanges, he said.