When lawmakers--including respected former members of Conservative governments and Winston Churchill's grandson--voted to take that option off the table, Johnson said the only option left was a general election.
"I don't want an election, the public don't want an election", Johnson told parliament before Tuesday's vote, "but if MPs (Members of Parliament) vote tomorrow to stop negotiations and to compel another pointless delay to Brexit, potentially for years, then that would be the only way to resolve this".
Johnson said the goal of the no-deal bill was to take away the right of Britain to determine how long it wants to stay in the European Union, and to hand the decision to Brussels.
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But Labour refused to back an election while no deal was still a possibility.
It was the preamble to a Commons showdown this afternoon, as Boris Johnson calls for a snap election, while Jeremy Corbyn looks set to block the bid.
"I don't doubt Boris wants to get a deal, but I do not believe he has the means to will the end", he said.
Johnson needed the support of two-thirds of the 650 lawmakers in the House of Commons to trigger an election - a total of 434 - but got just 298, with 56 voting no and the rest abstaining.
Despite all the setbacks he has received in recent days, Curtice says the Brexit math gives Johnson a chance.
The 75 parliamentarians behind the legal challenge accused the prime minister of curbing opposition attempts to block his Brexit strategy and bring down his government.
Mr Corbyn said the negotiations Johnson talked about "are a sham - all he's doing is running down the clock". The Prime Minister, while publicly claiming he doesn't favor an election, had hoped a new vote would break the deadlock over Brexit by returning him to power with an increased majority.
The contentious vote in the House of Commons came after Johnson moved to suspend Parliament for several weeks leading up to the October 31 deadline.
After the first of the two defeats, on Tuesday night, Johnson expelled the 21 Conservative rebels from his party.
Mr Johnson has vowed to take Britain out of the union by Oct 31, regardless of whether he has an agreement with the EU. Opposition lawmakers have said they will withhold their support until Johnson revealed his plan for an alternative Brexit deal--and until it was certain a "no deal" Brexit would not happen during or directly after the campaign.
Mr Johnson says it forces the United Kingdom to acquiesce to Europe.
The EU Commission also said the risk of a "no deal" exit has increased, a prospect many fear because of the economic damage it could cause after nearly half a century of close ties with Britain's closest neighbours.
The lawmakers hope to pass the bill into law - a process that can take months - by the end of the week, because Johnson plans to suspend Parliament at some point next week until October 14.