Russian President Vladimir Putin on Friday directed his country's Foreign and Defense Ministries "to take comprehensive measures for preparing a symmetrical response" to the USA missile test.
This type of weapon was banned under the 1987 Intermediate-range Nuclear Forces (INF) agreement, which limited the use of nuclear and conventional medium-range weapons.
Russian President Vladimir Putin said a recent US missile test showed that Washington aimed to deploy previously banned missiles around the world.
"All this leaves no doubts that the real intention of the United States (in exiting the INF pact) was to ... untie its hands to deploy previously banned missiles in different regions of the world", said Putin.
Putin ordered an analysis of "the level of threat for our country created by the actions of the U.S. and to take comprehensive measures to prepare a symmetric response", he said at a Russian Security Council meeting in the capital Moscow on Friday.
Russian Federation requested the UN Security Council meeting after the U.S. tested a ground-launched, medium-range cruise missile earlier this week, the type of potentially nuclear-capable weapon whose testing was banned by the treaty.
U.S. Defense Secretary Mark Esper said this month he was in favour of placing ground-launched intermediate-range missiles in Asia relatively soon, and Putin complained this week that the United States was now in a position to deploy its new land-based missile in Romania and Poland.
Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman Geng Shuang said on Tuesday that the United States test showed that Washington was stoking a new arms race and confrontation, which would have a serious negative effect on regional and global security.
The Pentagon said it would use the data collected from the August 18 launch to inform the Defense Department's "development of future intermediate-range capabilities". "But our American colleagues it seems are not", said Russia's deputy ambassador to the United Nations.
Polyansky said that European countries should understand "that because of the U.S.'s geopolitical ambitions we are all one step from an arms race that can not be controlled or regulated in any way".
"It's indisputable now", the Russian leader said. He earlier promised not to deploy new missiles in world regions until the United States does the same.
Russian Federation said earlier this month, following the demise of the INF treaty, that it would only deploy new intermediate-range missiles if the US does.
He added Russian Federation remains open to an "equal and constructive dialogue with the U.S.to rebuild mutual trust and strengthen worldwide security".