The test marks the first public weapons test since Kim and President Donald Trump met in Vietnam for a second summit in February. Photo released April 17, 2019 by North Korea's Central News Agency (KCNA). Those talks ended without an agreement. The U.S. and its allies have balked at allowing projects now blocked by sanctions and long sought by North Korea - such as an energy pipeline from Russian Federation and regular train service across their shared border - until Pyongyang agrees to reduce its security threat.
The U.S.is refusing to ease major sanctions until North Korea completely and verifiably dismantles its nuclear weapons and long-range ballistic missiles while the North wants significant sanctions to be lifted before the process is completed.
Kwon also said the two leaders were on good terms, even as he castigated Pompeo for "fabricated" stories as part of a "publicity stunt".
There is also a chance that the talks will not take place at all: Kim pulled out of 2015 celebrations in Moscow for the 70th anniversary of the end of World War II at the last minute.
"I wish our dialogue counterpart would be not Pompeo but [an] other person who is more careful and mature in communicating with us".
When asked why Pyongyang openly reported these weapons tests right now, most commentators, in his opinion, would answer that this is an attempt to show resilience to sanctions and willingness to follow their own path and put pressure on the United States. On the contrary, this may indicate readiness for denuclearisation and a desire to acquire the deterrence forces necessary for minimal self-defence by selectively strengthening conventional weapons in a situation when there are no nuclear weapons.
"But it is created to serve as a reminder that North Korea has limited patience - and is continuing to devote attention and resources to defense", she added.
Pyongyang and Washington have been at loggerheads since the collapse of a summit between Kim and President Donald Trump earlier this year.
Kwon, whom KCNA said was responding to a question from one of its journalists, said leader Kim had made clear that the U.S. attitude has to change.
For Kim, the planned summit is an opportunity to expand his options and potential leverage with the United States and China, the North's longtime ally. The meeting will be the first of its kind between the two leaders.
A team of North Korean security staffers is scheduled to arrive in Vladivostok next Tuesday on a special flight operated by the country's national carrier Air Koryo, a Russian government official has said. At the time, South Korean Unification Ministry deputy spokeswoman Lee Eu-gene downplayed the significance of the 2018 event, saying Kim had been continuing his inspections in the military sector "intermittently".
The Center for Strategic and International Studies noted the presence of five specialized railcars at the Yongbyon nuclear complex. He said, "Chairman Kim Jong Un never promised to stop testing all weapons in his military arsenal".
In a speech last week to North Korea's nominal parliament, Kim stated he was still open to a third round of talks on the issue of denuclearization, if the US was willing to reconsider its stance on sanctions against Pyongyang.
Still, the test could be seen as a warning to the United States, amid an impasse in talks over North Korea's nuclear program.
North Korea's Foreign Ministry urged Trump to remove Pompeo as his top negotiator, accusing the secretary of state of "self-indulgence" and "reckless remarks" that have undermined negotiations. Mario Ritter was the editor.
Ties between the Soviet Union and then Russian Federation with North Korea run deep.