South Korean President Moon Jae-in and the North's leader Kim Jong Un opened a new round of talks at a summit in Pyongyang on Wednesday with the North Korean nuclear arsenal high on the agenda, but Seoul warned they may not reach an agreement.
Washington has demanded concrete action toward denuclearization, such as a full disclosure of North Korea's nuclear and missile facilities, before agreeing to key goals of Pyongyang, including an easing of worldwide sanctions and an official end to the Korean War. Washington is demanding concrete action towards denuclearization before agreeing to key goals of Pyongyang - declaring an official end to the 1950-53 Korean War and easing tough global sanctions.
South Korean president Moon Jae-in also announced North Korea will permanently shut down the Dongchang-ri missile testing site and launch pad, witnessed by global inspectors.
South Korean President Moon Jae-in said during the joint press conference that the era of a war-free Korean Peninsula has begun and invited Kim to Seoul, hopefully by the end of the year.
② The North expressed its willingness to continue to take additional measures, such as the permanent dismantlement of the nuclear facilities in Yeongbyeon, as the United States takes corresponding measures in accordance with the spirit of the June 12 US-DPRK Joint Statement.
What is perhaps most significant about the declaration on Tongchang-ri is that North Korea will be inviting global experts to observe and verify the dismantlement activity at the site.
The White House is already planning a second summit after Kim sent Trump a "very warm, very positive" letter. The problem is that President Moon's campaign to bring North and South together depends on Mr Trump's success in ridding the North of its nuclear weapons.
But that promise wasn't specific, as he agreed to visit only "at an appropriate time".
North Korea's May Day Stadium is the largest in the world with a reported capacity of 150,000.
The two countries also formed a unified women's ice hockey side - a move initially controversial in the South, with critics saying that Seoul was depriving its own citizens of a chance to play on the Olympic stage.
While the South Korean government described the military agreement as "equivalent to declaring an end to the Korean War", some experts said the measures have "adverse effect" on South Korea's readiness posture in the absence of concrete steps for denuclearization by the North. And soon after that, Kim was in Singapore with the president of archenemy the United States, Donald Trump.
"We are not afraid of future challenges", he said.
Moon later added that what Kim meant by the "near future" was "this year", saying that such a landmark trip will serve as a "dramatic turning point in improving relations between the South and the North".
They also agreed to withdraw 11 guard posts from the Demilitarised Zone by December, with aim of removing them all one day.
"We are now cooperating within the framework of global sanctions", Yoon Young-chan, South Korea's presidential senior secretary for public communications said this week. At a banquet after the first day of the summit, Moon said the "complete denuclearisation of the Korean Peninsula and the establishment of peace" were priorities.
On Wednesday evening, Moon's party will dine at a new fish restaurant in Pyongyang opposite Mansu hill, where giant statues of Kim's predecessors - his grandfather Kim Il Sung and father Kim Jong Il - look out over the city.