It's a similar position to where Woods finished 2016 (No. 652) in the OWGR. Fowler entered the final round seven shots behind Charley Hoffman, but shot 61 to win by four.
Fowler sprinkled 11 birdies - including seven straight from Nos.
Woods, in his first tournament in almost 10 months following spinal fusion surgery, said he had some bad breaks on Saturday and that his game was better than his scorecard suggested.
Fowler finished at 18-under, while Hoffman was 14-under with Tommy Fleetwood (67) and Jordan Spieth (69) Tied-3td at 12-under and defending champion Hideki Matsuyama (68) was Tied-5th with Patrick Reed (68) and Justin Rose (70).
Two takeaways from this 18-man exhibition in The Bahamas: the 41-year-old, who turns 42 on December 30th, completed four rounds for the first time since here last year - where he finished 15th on 4-under 284 (73-65-70-76) - and, he did so pain-free.
Most importantly, he said, he played all week without pain.
"I talked to Dustin Johnson and Rickie Fowler last week, they have played some golf with Tiger and they were both very impressed with him and how far he was hitting it". ". I hit just a boatload of good putts".
Woods's impressive display off the tee included a monster drive at the par-four seventh that led to his eagle. The 14-time major champion looked pain-free all week while finishing t-9 at 8 under.
"Anything I did right ended up in a bad spot, then everything I did wrong, it was really bad", Woods told NBC television.
"The issue was how my scoring was going to be, how was my feel?"
Woods struggled on Saturday after leading for a short time during the second round of his first competitive event for 10 months, but his swagger was back in the Bahamas on Sunday.