In September, Maria Zakharova, director of Russia's Ministry of Foreign Affairs indicated that the US should anticipate pushback for its actions against state-funded Russian media.
Russian President Vladimir Putin has signed a bill allowing Russia to register worldwide media outlets as foreign agents in a quid pro quo to the US demand made to a Kremlin-funded TV channel. It will now allow Moscow to force foreign media to brand news they provide to Russians as the work of "foreign agents" and to disclose their funding sources. After acquiring this status, these media outlets will be subject to the restrictions and responsibilities, which are now envisaged for non-governmental organizations (NGO) labeled as foreign agents. "I also regret the media are included in this [group]", he said.
The Kremlin has repeatedly denied meddling in the election and said the restrictions on Russian broadcasters in the United States are an attack on free speech.
The amendments to the law came as a response to the pressure exerted on Russian Federation media in the United States, in particular, the demand for RT America broadcaster to register as a foreign agent.
FARA requires "persons acting as agents of foreign principals in a political or quasi-political capacity to make periodic public disclosure of their relationship with the foreign principal, as well as activities, receipts and disbursements in support of those activities".
Sputnik News, the government-controlled news agency formerly known as RIA Novosti, reported Saturday that the Kremlin may also use its new media law to respond to reports that the European Parliament has allocated $1.3 million for a European Union anti-propaganda unit targeting alleged "Russian fake news".