The worldwide community doesn't recognize Israeli sovereignty over east Jerusalem and Palestinians regard it as the future capital of an independent Palestinian state.
Speaking at the Prime Minister's residence Tuesday, while hosting Trump, Netanyahu said he looked forward to "working closely" with the Trump administration to advance peace in the region, "because you [Trump] have noted so succinctly that common dangers are turning former enemies into partners".
One problem with that: Trump, as he indicated in Israel Monday, did not reveal to anyone that Israel was the source of the intelligence he shared with the Russians.
However, analysts point out that whether Trump can lead them to form a broad counter-Iranian alliance remains to be seen, since the likelihood of an Israel-Arab alliance is tightly linked to the progress made in solving the Palestinian-Israeli conflict.
Israel considers the entire city its united capital.
The continuation of the current stalemate is in the interest of neither Israelis nor Palestinians, though the Palestinians are having rough time due to Israel's cruel occupation and continuous violation of their rights. Breaking with American presidential administrations' longstanding support for two states, Trump said at the time, "I'm looking at two state and one state, and I like the one that both parties like".
The two-state solution has always been the cornerstone of US policy in the region, and is widely regarded as the only settlement that both sides could realistically accept.
As The Christian Post reported May 5, CP Executive Editor and Southern Evangelical Seminary President Richard Land, who dined at the White House with the president and his evangelical advisory board earlier this month, said that the president is "comfortable around evangelicals; it's obvious that he likes us and he's fascinated by us".
"It was a visit of intent, of his intent to reach out and help us reach a final agreement".
The Knesset held a special session to mark Jerusalem Day. His visit to the West Bank lasted around two hours. No previous USA president, no matter how pro-Israel, had dared to confer legitimacy in this way upon Israel's occupation of the land it conquered in the 1967 Six-Day War.
What was the most significant achievement of Trump's first foreign trip as United States president to the Arab world this past week?
In Bethlehem, Trump said he was "truly hopeful" for an end to the decades-long conflict between Israelis and Palestinians, and added that goodwill from his visit would turn into peace talks.
"The real question is if there is something substantive happening behind closed doors".
However, Trump was received well in Saudi Arabia and at the Arab Islamic American Summit held in Riyadh, where he made clear that he sees Iran as a threat to peace in the middle east due to their support for terrorism.
In a speech at the Israel Museum in Jerusalem, he said the Palestinians were "ready to reach for peace", but did not elaborate.
Abbas has previously demanded a freeze on settlement construction before returning to the negotiating table.