According to the Texas Tribune, the law makes sheriffs, constables and police chiefs that do not comply with federal requests from immigration agents to hold noncitizen subject to a Class A misdemeanor.
Texas Governor Greg Abbott speaks at a campaign rally for U.S. Republican presidential candidate Ted Cruz in Dallas, Texas February 29, 2016. The new regulation allows law-enforcement officers to ask anyone they detain, even in a traffic stop, about their immigration status.
Removal from office for any elected or appointed official who does not comply with the law. His administration is trying to cut off federal funding for sanctuary cities.
"MALDEF will do its level best, in court and out, to restore Texas, the state where MALDEF was founded, to its greater glory, and to help Texas overcome 'Abbott's Folly, '" said Thomas Saenz, president of the Mexican American Legal Defense and Education Fund (MALDEF).
The timing of the signing caught Democratic lawmakers off guard.
"I think this sends a message that Hispanics are not welcome in Texas and Hispanics are not valued", she added, though the bill only targets illegal immigrants.
Gonzalez talked about his disappointment with the bill on May 5th, when it was headed to Abbott's desk for his signing. They call it a "show-me-your-papers" measure that will be used to discriminate against Latinos.
Meanwhile, Republicans reject claims that the law will lead to racial profiling and say it's needed to keep criminals off the streets.
The law takes effect in September.
"This racist and wrongheaded piece of legislation ignores our values, imperils our communities and sullies our reputation as a free and welcoming state", Terri Burke, executive director of the ACLU of Texas said in a prepared statement. The state of Texas has filed a federal lawsuit in order to get SB4 declared constitutional.
Texas Attorney General Ken Paxton said Tuesday that the state's lawsuit against political figures in the City of Austin is a preemptive move to prevent lengthy lawsuits trying to derail the state's new anti-sanctuary city law.
"The sheriff could spend a year in jail per violation if we don't enforce this to their liking", said Bexar County Judge Nelson Wolff, the top elected official in the county that includes San Antonio, which wasn't sued in today's action. There is a lot of disconnect. "Then there's another claim that the state assumes people will make that the bill was enacted for a racially-discriminatory goal - and that's an equal protection violation that they're anticipating".
Every major police chief in Texas opposed the bill.