Syria's army high command said Israeli jets attacked a target near Palmyra, in what it described as an act of aggression that aided Isis.
On Sunday, Israeli Defence Minister Avigdor Lieberman threatened to destroy Syria's air defence systems "without the slightest hesitation" if it happened again.
Russia, which backs Syria's embattled president, Bashar Assad, summoned its envoy, Gary Koren, on Friday less than 24 hours after the Israeli military action on Thursday night, according to The Times of Israel.
Syria's military said it had downed one of the Israeli planes and hit another as they were carrying out the pre-dawn strikes near the famed desert city of Palmyra that it recaptured from jihadists this month.
The system will make up gaps between the short range Iron Dome system, capable of intercepting small rockets and mortar shells and the Arrow 2 and Arrow 3 systems, which are meant to engage long-range ballistic missiles.
Syrian air defenses launched anti-aircraft missiles at Israeli warplanes this Friday, prompting a rare confirmation on the part of the IDF as to the attack - an attack directed against, in Benjamin Netanyahu's words, advanced arms destined for Hezbollah hands.
Syria's ambassador to the UN, Bashar al-Jaafari, on Sunday insisted the Syrian response was "in line with Israel's terrorist operation" and had "changed the rules of the game".
"The Russians are very nervous about the future, they're waiting for the American comeback, which they're hoping to get by way of Israel", said Magen.
The Iranian regime contributed to the birth of Hezbollah in the early 1980s and has since sustained the group with Iranian weapons, money, and training.
Haimovich further explained that once the air force fully integrates the new missile defense system, the Aerial Defense Unit "will be better able to serve the State of Israel- it won't be hermetic and flawless, but it comes with even greater capabilities".
Since the civil war began in 2011, Hezbollah has been intervening in Syria to save the Assad regime, losing a number of fighters and advisers as a result of the fighting.
Brigadier General Zvika Haimovich, the commander of the IAF's Aerial Defense, said during a briefing that "the decision to intercept the missile was correct and justified. Hezbollah has been violating United Nations resolutions and is gearing for war", he said.